What is the Great Western Network ? It is a consortium of 40 plus K-12 schools in North Dakota who share teachers through an interactive television system. Teachers and students see and hear each other in real time and operate just like traditional classrooms except that their classmates and teachers are located in different towns. The classes taught are primarily elective classes and college level courses. With teacher shortages, small schools are able to receive classes that would otherwise be prohibitive. Below is a history of how the consortium has evolved. For more information, check out the web site at greatwesternnetwork.com .
The formerly known WRITC/MVCC (West River Interactive Television Cooperative / Missouri Valley Communications Cooperative) became operational in the fall of 1992. Prior to the linking of the two cooperatives, the West River system had been in operation for three years, starting in the fall of 1989. The Beulah, Center, Hazen and Stanton school districts became the first two way analog interactive television system in the state of North Dakota. Consultants and Designers of the original studios and transport system were Ted Renner and Ed Lethert.
The Missouri Valley system had completed 1 year of operation in which eight schools were on line during the 91-92 school year, including Bismarck High and Century, Riverdale, Turtle Lake, Underwood, Washburn, Wilton, and Wing.
The summer of 1992 became a time of major construction for the newly formed WRITC/MVCC. The North Dakota ETC (Educational Telecommunications Council) had approved the Region 7 grant proposals at its March meeting. The grants funded four additional studios; Golden Valley, Halliday, Tuttle and another Bismarck High School studio.
Funding was also provided for the Interlink between the West River and the Missouri Valley Cooperatives as well as a link with the North Dakota IVN (Interactive Video Network). The IVN connect provided a means for any of the eleven state colleges in the North Dakota University system to deliver courses to GWN schools.
The Riverdale School closing resulted in the move of that equipment onto the campus of Bismarck State College in the summer of 1993. College level and evening credit and non-credit courses are delivered from BSC.
In the summer of 1994 the I-94 cluster (Hebron, New Salem, and Glen Ullin) joined the WRITC/MVCC system which prompted a name change to the Great Western Network.
Mandan joined the GWN in the summer of 1995.
Wishek, Linton, Ashley, Napoleon, and Steele schools were added to GWN consortium in the summer of 1996.
With new fiber leases, and equipment upgrades, all GWN schools began hooking up to the internet via their existing leased fiber optic cable through Midcontinent Cable. High speed internet access (10 mbps) through cable modem technology became available to each of the schools by the time school started in the fall of 1998.
The summer of 2001 was a major rennovation for GWN as ITD (Information Technology Division) had been funded by the legislature to provide internet access to all North Dakota schools. For most schools this meant an ATM T1 connection. For GWN, it meant utilizing their fiber bandwidth and converting from cable modems running at 10 mbps to gigabit ethernet switches tied directly to ITD in Bismarck. In December of 2001, the Northwest Region ITV consortium voted to become members of GWN. Schools joining were Garrison, Max, North Shore-Makoti, Parshall, and Max. In addition, 3 new schools were added to GWN, including, Flasher, Carson, Elgin-New Leipzig.
The start of the 2002-03 school year has 30 school districts with at least one ITV classroom in their building. In progress are 2nd sites in Turtle Lake-Mercer, Linton, Ashley, Napoleon. Also, the Bismarck Hughes administration building will be the home of two additional sites. The Washburn school added a third ITV room.
Videoconferencing using h.323 technology became available to most of the GWN schools in December of 2002. Polycom Viewstations (either on a rolling cart or implemented into a full studio) were being used for meetings and events among and outside of GWN fiber boundaries.
The Stanton High School closed its doors in the fall of 2003. Their ITV studio was moved and upgraded to become a 2nd studio in Underwood. The Bismarck High 2nd studio, which had housed IVN events during the evening hours in addition to regular classes, was moved and upgraded to the Hughes Administration building in the South Central High School addition.
The ETC funded upgrades and additions to GWN in November of 2004. Classrooms in Parshall, Max, Garrison, Makoti and Minot were rennovated to become capable of handling both h.323 and analog transmissions. The following h.323 schools joined GWN: Berthold, Belfield, Glenburn, Solen, Selfridge and Kenmare. ITD added Flasher, Carson and Elgin to the gigabit ethernet link.
The Carson High School closed in the summer of 2004 and the studio was moved and reinstalled in Hebron as their 2nd ITV studio.
New monitors and various upgrades occured during the 2005-06 school year. In the summer of 2006, SRT plowed new fiber to Berthold and Glenburn schools and their systems were converted to a dual mode analog/h.323 system.
Dickinson Trinity joined GWN as an h.323 school and started with classes in the fall of 2006. ITD is working to add Max, Garrison, North Shore-Makoti and Parshall to the gigabit ethernet link. There are currently 85 rooms in GWN capable of video conferencing or video classes.
Tuttle and Golden Valley Schools closed their doors in the summer of 2007. Their studios were purchased and moved to Beulah and Hazen as second studios that summer. Standing Rock (Fort Yates) joined GWN during this time and became operational in the fall of 2008.
Five new member schools joined GWN starting in the fall of 2008. They include Hettinger, Scranton, Bowman County, Mott-Regent and New England. These schools were previously members of the SPICE consortium.
In the fall of 2009, the Hazelton-Moffit-Braddock School district (HMB) joined GWN.
In the spring/summer of 2010, an ETC grant match allowed all of GWN schools to upgrade each of their rooms to a 40” flat screen monitor for the students as well as polycom units so that each room would have dual mode analog/h.323 systems.
In the fall of 2010, Killdeer School district became a member of GWN.
In the fall of 2011, South Heart School district became a member of GWN.
GWN was awarded an RUS grant in the spring of 2012 that provided high definition polycom codecs, cameras and flat screen monitors to 30 sites in the consortium. These 30 sites along with the other 50 rooms were updated to HD by the end of the summer. A small portion of the analog system remained in effect for teacher viewing, student supervision, an information channel and a backup to the digital system. The Bowbells School joined the consortium as members starting in the fall of 2012.
Minot Our Redeemer’s school and Divide County (Crosby) joined GWN in the summer of 2013.
An ETC matching grant in the spring of 2014 helped upgrade all of the GWN endpoints (rooms) to have HD cameras and flat screen tv monitors. Stanley and Powers Lake Schools became members of GWN. A new k-12 school is being built at South Prairie (south of Minot) and they have been approved as new members for 2015-16 school year. At this point there are 47 GWN ITV locations with over 100 endpoints.
Burke Central (Lignite), Des Lacs-Burlington and Beach High Schools joined the consortium in the summer of 2015. There are now 50 GWN member schools.
Grenora, Watford City and Alexander Schools have joined GWN and will begin classes in the fall of 2017. The summer of 2017 will mark the end of the fiber lease arrangements that GWN had with BEK, WRT, MIDCO, SRT and ResTel. All data circuits will be DCN/ITD driven after July 1, 2017.